A work accident, workplace accident, occupational accident is a kind of accident occurs at work that can lead to physical or mental occupational injury. It can include work-related accident happening in the company’s premises or accidents caused by third parties. Occupational accidents differ from occupational diseases as the former ones are unexpected and unplanned occurrences.
Accident in the workplace usually causes injuries and top 10 most common workplace injuries are:
• Overexertion –including injuries related to pushing, pulling, lifting, holding, carrying, and throwing activities at work. They have consistently been a number one workplace injury.
• Fall on Same Level Surfaces – They are related to falls on wet and slippery office floors. The frequent examples are also falls on snow-covered pathways on the way to work.
• Fall to Lower Level – It happens from an elevated area such as roofs, stairways or ladders.
• Bodily Reaction –Injuries caused by slipping and tripping without falling.
• Struck by Object – Objects that fall from shelves or dropped by another person which can cause very serious injuries.
• Struck against an Object – It happens when a person accidentally runs into concrete objects such as doors, walls, cabinets, glass windows, chairs table, etc.
• Highway Incident – Transportation that is used for business purposes can be involved in a car accident just like any regular traveler.
• Caught In or Compressed By – This type of injury usually happens in a factory with large and dangerous machinery. Sometimes no precaution in its usage can endanger the safety of its operators. Exposure to extreme temperatures is also an example of this workplace injury.
• Repetitive Motion – It is one of those less obvious injuries but definitely the harmful ones in the long run. Repetitive motions such as using the computer 24/7 can cause back pain, vision problems, and carpal tunnel syndrome.
• Assaults and Violent Acts – Attacks caused by arguments and office politics have led to serious physical injuries.
If you have been injured, you may be entitled to compensation, which should be assessed.
Your employer has the legal right to protect you at your workplace and to inform you about health and safety issues that affect you. They also have a legal responsibility to report some accidents and incidents, to give you some time off because of an accident at work and to pay you sick leave.
Besides personal injuries you can get at your workplace, there are many other ways to get personal injuries in your daily activities (including falling off an object to you, a dog bite, falls and fights leading to an eye injury and many others). If you have sustained physical harm as the result of the negligence of someone else, you may be entitled to monetary compensation for the related losses if you can prove that the other party is at fault.
One of the most important things to prevent all the previously mentioned accidents is to prevent them by primary prevention (removing of circumstances causing injuries), secondary prevention (it reduces the severity of injury should an accident occur) and tertiary prevention (optimal treatment and rehabilitation for following injuries).